Education in Fragility

According to UNHCR (2017), nearly 20 people are forcibly displaced around the world every minute, as a result of conflict or persecution. A staggering 65.6 million people are forcibly displaced worldwide, including 22.5 million refugees and 10 million stateless people. Nearly half of the refugees are children below 18 years of age. Overall, it is estimated that more than 75 million children are in dire need of educational support in crisis-affected contexts, including hundreds of thousands of children whose education has been disrupted by natural disasters. In 2016, ODI estimated that there is an estimated global finance gap of at least $8.5 billion per year needed to support these 75 million children in crisis affected contexts. This is a mere $113 per child, yet the sector remains chronically underfunded. Current levels and modes of financing education in emergencies are insufficient to meet the needs of these children.

‘Education in fragility‘ refers to quality learning opportunities for all ages in situations of crisis, including early childhood development, primary, secondary, non-formal, technical, vocational, higher and adult education. Education in emergencies provides physical, psychosocial, and cognitive protection that can sustain and save lives. Common situations of crisis in which education in emergencies is essential include conflicts, situations of violence, forced displacement, disasters, and public health emergencies. Despite the overwhelming evidence of the many benefits of education to individuals, families, and societies, education in emergencies continues to be underfunded by both governments and humanitarian actors alike.

NORRAG’s work in the area of Education in Fragility emphasizes the production of knowledge and research and seeks to bring together stakeholders to encourage the interactions between research and policy in the field of education in fragility.

Find below the most recent NORRAG content on the topic of Education in Fragility:

News/ Events:

NORRAG selected as a member of INEE’s Education Policy Working Group (April 2018)


Education amidst Fragility, Conflict and Violence by Stephen Commins (October 2017)

International Geneva, Conflict and Peacebuilding: What Role for Education? by Mario Novelli (July 2016)

“(Mis-)Educating the Ghettoes of our world” – is there a Collective Neglect of the Role of Education for Youth in Violent Cities Around the World? by Mieke Lopes Cardozo, Jovana Carapic and Joost Monks (June 2016)

Lessons Learnt from 67 Years of UNWRA Support to the Education of Palestinian Refugees by Husein Abdul-Hamid (June 2016)

Moving on? The Impact of Education for Refugees in First Asylum Countries by Sarah Dryden-Peterson (June 2016)

Humanitarian Aid for Refugee Education: Why More is Needed by Aaron Benavot (June 2016)

Refugees, Displaced Persons and Education: New Challenges for Development and Policy by Kenneth King (June 2016)

Countering Violent Extremism – can Education and Vocational Training Play a Role? by Martine Zeuthen (April 2016)

Preventing Violent Extremism: What Role for Education and Training? by Laetitia Houlmann (April 2016)

Reflections from Geneva – Vocational Education in the Context of Violence Extremism By Tara Noronha (April 2016)

Syria Donors Conference: A ‘Vision of Hope’ for the Next School Year? by Hiba Salem (February 2016)

Why the Syria Donors Conference Matters Globally by Hiba Salem (February 2016)

How can Teachers be Supported to Provide Quality Learning in Emergency and Conflict Situations? The Experience of South Sudan by John J. Lujang Wani (December 2015)

The Role of Education in Preventing Urban Violence and Countering Violent Extremisms by Mario Novelli (December 2015)

Education as a Stronghold? The Ambiguous Connections between Education, Resilience and Peacebuilding by Mieke T.A. Lopes Cardozo (February 2015)

The Global Partnership for Education and the Evolution of Engagement in Contexts of Conflict and Fragility by Francine Menashy (February 2015)

Education in Situations of Urban Violence: Examples from Latin America by Jovana Carapic and Luisa Phebo (January 2015)

Beyond Armed Conflict and Emergency: the Role of Education and Training in Tackling Urban Violence by Jovana Carapic, and Luisa Phebo (September 2014)

10 Policy Disjunctures Undermining Education’s Potential to Contribute to Peacebuilding in Conflict Affected Contexts by Mario Novelli (July 2014)

The Future of Innovative Financing for Education in Fragility by Christine Smith Ellison (September 2013)

The Right to Education in Situations of Conflict-Affected and Fragile States – a Post-2015 Priority? By Mieke Lopes Cardozo and Ritesh Shah (September 2013)

Education in Conflict Emergencies in Light of the Post-2015 MDGS and EFA Agendas by Christopher Talbot (October 2012)

NORRAG and INEE Blog Stream on EiE:

Towards Evidence-Based Financing for Education in Emergencies by NORRAG and INEE (May 2018)

Resource Library:

WORKING PAPER #10: Education, Urban Violence and Youth: Exploring Pathways or Roadblocks for ‘Peace’ in the City (March 2016)

POLICY RESEARCH NOTE #2: Education as a Stronghold? The Ambiguous Connections between Education, Resilience and Peacebuilding (February 2015)

Documents on the topic of Education in Fragility and Conflict and Emergency are uploaded to the NORRAG Resource Library.

For information about related activities and knowledge products, see our resources

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